Nations across Africa, and the world, must ensure people can access open and free internet when they need it the most — during important national events. We urge authorities in the Republic of Senegal to #KeepItOn at all times.
We, the undersigned organizations and members of the global #KeepItOn coalition — a global network of over 300 organizations from 105 countries working to end internet shutdowns — denounce the weaponization of internet shutdowns by the government of Senegal in response to the recent political unrest in the country, and demand an end to authorities’ escalating use of this dangerous censorship tool.
Senegal’s escalating history of internet shutdowns
Over the past two months, Senegal has seen growing protests surrounding the continued arrests and incarceration of opposition politician, Ousmane Sonko. On July 30, 2023, new demonstrations erupted in the country following the arrest of the opposition leader, accused of plotting an insurrection and other offences. The Ministry of Communications, Telecommunications and Digital Economy initially on July 31 directed internet service providers (ISPs) to cut mobile internet connection, and subsequently ordered blocking of TikTok on August 2. Data from Cloudflare, an internet traffic monitoring company shows a dip in traffic since the order was given.
A similar act of digital repression was recorded on June 1, when the Senegalese government shut down social media and mobile internet access for approximately a week following deadly riots across the country sparked by the arrest and conviction of Ousmane Sonko for “immoral behaviour towards individuals younger than 21.”
In both instances, the government attempted to justify the shutdowns as “necessary to prevent” the spread of hateful and subversive messages online. The #KeepItOn coalition’s monitoring, however, shows the contrary — internet shutdowns escalate tensions, violate people’s rights and amplify the spread of misinformation. These types of shutdowns implemented in Senegal only serve to create vacuums of information when people need means to access accurate and updated information and reporting.
Prior to these recent instances, Senegalese authorities blocked social media platforms with some instances of internet disruptions being reported in 2021 following protests once again due to the arrest of opposition leader, Ousmane Sonko.
Internet shutdowns harm human rights, exacerbate crises, and stop the free flow of information
It is well documented that internet shutdowns are used as a tool for masking human rights violations perpetrated by those in power and in times of political unrest. When such abuses are undertaken under the cover of a blackout, they occur with impunity. As has been reported in Ethiopia and Myanmar, shutdowns make it extremely difficult for journalists to report and document human rights violations, making it easier for perpetrators to evade accountability for their actions.
Furthermore, when authorities hit the internet kill switch, they deny people access to critical information, disrupt personal lives, and negatively affect the economy.
Internet access must be safeguarded
The internet, when open, free, and accessible can be a gateway to accurate, timely information. It enables the documentation of relevant events, provides opportunity for public discourse, and is vital in helping ensure safe passage if need be. Senegal’s assault on connectivity, especially as the 2024 presidential elections approach, is extremely alarming. Authorities must put a stop to this practice.
Internet shutdowns are never a necessary or proportionate response to public unrest. The government of Senegal must immediately end the ongoing escalation of internet shutdowns and refrain from flipping the kill switch whenever they deem fit.
The #KeepItOn coalition and all signatories urge the international community to join our call to the government of Senegal by condemning this new act of digital authoritarianism.
Advocacy Initiative for Development (AID)
African Freedom of Expression Exchange (AFEX)
Africa Freedom of Information Centre (AFIC)
Africa Media and Information Technology Initiative (AfriMITI)
Africa Open Data and Internet ResearchFoundation (AODIRF)
ARTICLE 19 Eastern Africa
ARTICLE 19 Senegal/ West Africa
Bloggers Association of Kenya (BAKE)
Bloggers of Zambia (BloggersZM)
Center for the Advancement of Rights and Democracy (CARD)
Center for Media Studies and Peacebuilding (CEMESP-Liberia)
Collaboration on International ICT Policy for East and Southern Africa (CIPESA)
Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ)
Digital Rights Lawyers Initiative (DRLI)
Digital Woman Uganda
Digital Rights Kashmir
Eurasian Digital Foundation (Kazakhstan)
Gambia Press Union (GPU)
Global Digital Inclusion Partnership (GDIP)
Haki na Sheria (Kenya)
Human Rights Network for Journalists-Uganda
Internet Society Senegal Chapter
International Press Centre (IPC)
International Press Institute
Internet Protection Society (Russia)
Kenya Human Rights Commission (KHRC)
Kenya ICT Action Network (KICTANet)
Life campaign to abolish the death sentence in Kurdistan
Media Foundation for West Africa (MFWA)
Media Institute of Southern Africa (MISA Zimbabwe)
Media Rights Agenda (MRA)
Office of civil freedoms
Open Net Korea
Open Observatory of Network Interference (OONI)
Organization of the Justice Campaign
Paradigm Initiative (PIN)
Ranking Digital Rights
Reporters Without Borders (RSF)
Securing Organizations with Automated Policymaking (SOAP)
Southeast Asia Freedom of Expression Network (SAFEnet)
The Nubian Rights Forum
The Tor Project
VE sin Filtro
Women ICT Advocacy Group (WIAG)
Women of Uganda Network (WOUGNET)
Xnet, Institute for Democratic Digitalisation