A Human Rights Response to Government Hacking


This paper is an Access Now publication. The primary author is Amie Stepanovich, with assistance from Daniel Bedoya-Arroyo, Gustaf Bjorksten, Michael Carbone, Drew Mitnick, Donna Wentworth, and Nathan White.

When governments engage in hacking it creates significant risks for human rights. However, there has yet to be an international public conversation on the scope, impact, or human rights safeguards for government hacking. This paper raises the question of how human rights apply in the context of government hacking targeted at non-government and private sector actors. Based upon international law and the broad human rights impacts, we conclude that there should be a presumptive prohibition on all government hacking.

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For a brief overview of the findings, read our three-page summary.

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